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Climate Change & My Homeland China

As the world grapples with the far-reaching effects of climate change, there are few regions left untouched by its far-reaching effects. Among them, China, which has a vast territory and diverse geographical areas, has become the focus of people’s attention and exploration. From the towering peaks of the Himalayas to the bustling metropolises of its eastern seaboard, China’s geographic diversity reflects the many ways climate change manifests itself—from melting glaciers to rising sea levels and increasingly erratic weather patterns. Climate change has brought many negative impacts to China’s economy, ecology, and people all the time. Next, we will discuss the relationship and solutions between these climate changes and China.

The first is the economic impact. Since global warming, agricultural production in many areas of China has been greatly hindered. Rising temperatures may lead to irregular, immature, and incomplete crop growth. Secondly, extreme climate change also leads to extreme weather such as drought, heavy rain, and floods. As a result, large areas of land were damaged and crops were unable to grow normally, causing a huge blow to the agricultural market and farmers. For example, in the 1960s, there was a small county in China called Lankao. The land there suffered from three natural disasters: sandstorms, drought, and floods. This made it impossible for farmers at that time to farm. In the end, a great man named “Jiao Yulu” led everyone to carry out governance for more than 400 days, which restored the land of Lankao to life. But this shows how serious the extreme disasters caused by climate change are. And until now, there are still many areas of land that are affected by extreme climate every year, making it impossible for crops to grow. This is the terrible impact of climate warming.

The second is the economic impact. In addition to the agricultural losses mentioned above, climate warming has other economic impacts. For example, industrial development, many extreme climates, and regions will seriously affect industrial development. Including but not limited to damage to industrial facilities by extreme weather, rising prices of raw materials, excessive consumption of industrial energy, more serious environmental pollution problems, and increased demand for technological innovation. For example, industrial water use will lead to water shortages due to drought. Enterprises have to invest more energy costs to ensure “production”. Rising prices of raw materials such as grain, minerals, energy, and other resources will also seriously affect China’s industrial process. Not to mention that rising food prices will also affect people’s personal economies. Severe climate conditions have also increased the demand for industrial development technologies, such as improving energy efficiency, such as wind energy, solar energy, biomass, and even nuclear energy. China needs more new technologies to maintain the stability of industrial development. thereby minimizing the impact of climate change on the economy and industry.

Finally, there is the impact on the Chinese people. Global climate warming has always threatened Chinese people’s livelihoods. First, prices began to rise sharply because the development of agriculture and animal husbandry was hindered by extreme weather. It has seriously affected people’s personal economy and living standards. For example, high-priced vegetables, pork, beef, seafood, etc. These rising prices are seriously damaging people’s quality of life. The second is the impact of climate warming on human health. As the spread of disease expands, people are more likely to suffer from infectious diseases, and even some will become more difficult to treat due to environmental problems. In addition, extreme climate has also caused a sharp increase in the number of natural disasters. Typhoons, floods, heat waves, and other natural disasters are also threatening the lives of the Chinese people all the time. However, not only humans, but climate warming also has a huge impact on ecosystems. Climate change also causes forest coverage to decrease, land desertification, and ocean pollution, etc. Other natural disasters such as mudslides and landslides can also cause damage to ecosystems. As a result, the safety of wild animals is threatened, and may even lead to a reduction in biodiversity and the risk of animal extinction.

However, the impact of climate change on China is not irreversible. This is not just China, but the whole world. Just like the “Lankao” County in China that I mentioned earlier, under the leadership of Comrade Jiao Yulu, after 400 days of governance, the land was restored to life and natural disasters were defeated. And that only happened in the 1960s. Nowadays, as technology becomes more advanced, we also have more efficient and reliable methods to combat the effects of natural disasters caused by climate change. According to a report by the China Land and Greening Committee, China will have completed afforestation of 3.998 million hectares, grass improvement of 4.379 million hectares, and controlled desertification of 1.905 million hectares in 2023. And this is just greening. China has also made very significant achievements in combating environmental pollution, marine ecology, and natural disasters. This shows that climate change and the climate crisis can be solved. In addition to afforestation, there are also various methods to combat climate change such as research on renewable energy, control of environmental pollution, and stabilization of ecological balance.

Of course, the efforts of China alone are far from enough. Climate change is global and a disaster that has a great impact on every living thing in every country. And this disaster will even extend to our descendants, and even our descendants’ descendants. Therefore, climate change governance solutions must be globalized, more scientific, standardized, and have greater coverage. Only with the efforts of everyone can we protect the home we have always loved together.

 

References

QiQuanXiaoKa. (2023). Impact of climate warming on industrial development. ShangJia.
https://www.shangjia.com/item/5196148

The World Bank. (2022) China National Climate and Development Report.  The World Bank.

https://www.shihang.org/zh/country/china/publication/china-country-climate-and-  development-report#

China Youth Network. (2024) In 2023, the national green area will exceed 8 million hectares.     BaiJiaHao.

https://baijiahao.baidu.com/s?id=1793301157517268439&wfr=spider&for=pc

Image: https://thechinaproject.com/2020/11/05/china-sets-its-sights-on-a-green-horizon/

 

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