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The Impact of Climate Change in Nepal’s Terai Region

Nepal is by far one of the diverse countries in the world having a variable climatic phenomenon due to its phenomenal geographical variation. Ranging between the altitudinal variation of 59 m to 8848m, Nepal has a diverse climatic phenomenon. The total area of Nepal147,516 sq. km is divided into mountains (35%), hills (42%) and terai (23%).

The tropical area of the country and the grain basket of Nepal the Terai region is the prime region accounting for the agricultural production, producing an overall grain surplus of almost 125 per- cent due to which the hilly and Himalayan regions also rely on. The Terai region of Nepal, located near the southern foothills of the Himalayas, is known for its beautiful forests, fertile lands, and diverse wildlife. However, it’s facing big problems because of climate change. Over the past few years, the world has been getting warmer, weather has become more unpredictable, and there are more extreme events like floods and droughts. These changes are causing a lot of trouble for the Terai’s environment and the people who live there. This essay will talk about how climate change affects the Terai and what we can do about it.

The Terai usually has a warm climate with hot summers, mild winters, and heavy rains during the monsoon season, which are important for farming. But climate change is messing with this pattern. As the Earth gets warmer, the weather patterns are changing too. We’re seeing more intense storms, floods, and longer periods without rain. These changes are making life difficult for people and animals in the Terai.

https://thediplomat.com/2017/08/floods-devastate-nepals-southern-plains/

Climate change is causing a lot of problems for both nature and people in the Terai. One big issue is the increase in extreme weather events. When it rains heavily, there are often flash floods that destroy crops, houses, and roads. But when it doesn’t rain enough, there are droughts, and people don’t have enough water for their crops or for drinking. The hot weather also brings heatwaves, which can make people sick and harm crops. And because of climate change, some plants and animals can’t survive in their usual habitats anymore, which threatens their existence.

There are many risks and threats that the Terai faces because of climate change. Floods and landslides are becoming more common, and they’re causing a lot of damage to homes and farms. Also, because of less rain, there’s less water available, which makes it harder for farmers to grow food. Another problem is that the forests are disappearing because people are cutting down trees for farming and building houses. This hurts the environment and makes it harder for animals to find homes.

Many people in the Terai have seen how climate change affects their lives. Farmers struggle to grow crops because of the unpredictable weather. Sometimes their fields get flooded, and other times there’s not enough water for their plants. Families living in flood-prone areas must deal with losing their homes and belongings when the waters rise. And it’s not just the adults who are affected – children also suffer when their schools are damaged or closed because of floods or landslides.

Despite these challenges, people in the Terai are trying to find ways to adapt to climate change. They’re using new farming techniques and planting crops that can survive in different weather conditions. Some communities are also working together to protect their forests and rivers, which helps to reduce the impact of climate change. By teaching children about climate change and how to take care of the environment, we can help them grow up to be responsible stewards of the land.

In conclusion, climate change poses significant challenges to the Terai region of Nepal, threatening its agricultural productivity, water resources, biodiversity, and resilience to natural disasters. Urgent action is needed to mitigate the impacts of climate change, strengthen adaptive capacity, and promote sustainable development in the region. Collaboration between government agencies, civil society organizations, and local communities is essential to implementing climate-resilient policies and practices that safeguard the livelihoods and well-being of the people in the Terai region and ensure a sustainable future for generations to come. Climate change is a big problem for Nepal’s Terai region, but if we work together and take action to protect the environment we can make a difference. By planting trees, using energy more efficiently, and supporting sustainable farming practices, we can help to reduce the effects of climate change and build a better future for the Terai and its people.

 

References

https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/impact-of-climate-change-in-the-agricultural-system-in-the-tropical-region-of-nepal-115388

https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/nepal/brief/key-highlights-country-climate-and-development-report-for-nepal

https://climateknowledgeportal.worldbank.org/country/nepal

https://niice.org.np/archives/8793#:~:text=Changes%20in%20precipitation%20patterns%20have,often%20found%20in%20deeper%20groundwater.

 

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