Pakistan, a country located in South Asia, is known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from towering mountains in the north to vast river valleys in the east and arid deserts in the south. Despite its natural beauty, Pakistan is one of those countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, ranking eighth on the Global Climate Risk Index (Runde et al., 2023). This vulnerability is primarily due to its reliance on climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water, and natural resources.
In response to the Paris Climate Change Agreement, Pakistan has committed to taking several measures to adapt to the current and future impacts of climate change. The country is in the process of creating a National Adaptation Plan to build resilience against climate change (UNEP, 2021).This plan aims to reduce vulnerabilities to climate impacts by integrating adaptation measures into national policy. The development of this plan signifies Pakistan’s commitment to addressing climate change and its impacts on a national scale.
Projected Annual Mean Temperatures between 2015 & 2100 in Pakistan
One of the key strategies in Pakistan’s climate change plan is to mainstream sustainable land management and promote integrated watershed management. This involves improving water quality through better wastewater management, investing in coastal and marine resources, and addressing the air pollution-climate change nexus (Siddique, 2023). By focusing on these areas, Pakistan aims to create a more sustainable and resilient environment that can better withstand the impacts of climate change.
Furthermore, Pakistan has set up provincial committees chaired by high-level local officials to implement the national climate change policy. Each region is developing its own plan for priority actions based on the national policy document, including how the work will be financed (Khan, 2021). This decentralized approach ensures that the unique needs and challenges of each region are considered, leading to more effective and targeted interventions.
However, the challenges posed by climate change require a global response. Pakistan, despite being a low emitter of greenhouse gases, is disproportionately affected by the impacts of climate change. Therefore, it is crucial for Pakistan to proactively engage in international climate forums, intensify diplomatic efforts to secure funding, and strengthen partnerships with other countries to collectively address this global issue (Bhutto, 2023).
In conclusion, while Pakistan is taking significant steps to adapt to climate change, the scale of the challenge requires continuous effort and international cooperation. The country’s commitment to the Paris Climate Change Agreement signifies its resolve to contribute to global efforts in combating climate change. However, it is important to remember that climate change is a global problem that requires a global solution. Therefore, while national efforts are crucial, they must be complemented by international cooperation and support.
Runde, D. F., Raphel, R. L., & Yusuf, M. (2023, February 1). Pakistan and Climate Adaptation: Development Dispatch. CSIS. https://www.csis.org/blogs/development-dispatch/pakistan-and-climate-adaptation
UNEP. (2021, March 25). Pakistan to develop National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change. Pakistan to develop National Adaptation Plan for climate change. https://www.unep.org/gan/news/press-release/pakistan-develop-national-adaptation-plan-climate-change
Siddique, Z. U. A. (2023, July 26). Pakistan’s first-ever climate change plan unveiled. The Express Tribune. https://tribune.com.pk/story/2427999/pakistans-first-ever-climate-change-plan-unveiled
Bhutto, A. W. (2023, July 24). Climate concerns: Pakistan’s environmental challenges and policy shortcomings. – The Diplomat. https://thediplomat.com/2023/07/climate-concerns-pakistans-environmental-challenges-and-policy-shortcomings/
Khan, R. S. (2015, May 6). How does Pakistan plan to tackle climate change?. World Economic Forum. https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2015/05/how-does-pakistan-plan-to-tackle-climate-change/