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How Electric Vehicles Can Mitigate Climate Change

Climate change is now one of the most critical challenges facing humanity today, with its expansive consequences affecting ecosystems, economies, and human well-being.  A disturbing and meaningful contributor to this global crisis is the combustion of fossil fuels, primarily in the form of gasoline and diesel, which powers the majority of vehicles on the road; everyone is familiar with this technology.  However, to combat climate change, transitioning to more sustainable transportation options is essential and electric vehicles (EVs) have come up as a powerful solution.  Electric vehicles mitigate climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving air quality, and supporting the transition to renewable energy sources.

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions is one of the primary ways in which electric vehicles contribute to climate change mitigation by producing fewer greenhouse gas emissions compared to traditional internal combustion engine vehicles.  EVs are powered by electricity and their emissions depend on the source of that electricity.  Also, even when charged with electricity generated from fossil fuels EVs are generally more efficient and produce fewer emissions per mile driven. Electric vehicles are highly efficient with most of its electricity converted into motion, whereas internal combustion engines waste energy as heat.  This efficiency of course translates into lower carbon emissions.

Improving Air Quality is also a contributor of electric vehicles especially in urban areas; for instance, traditional vehicles emit pollutants like nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, which have detrimental effects on human health and the environment.  However, by eliminating tailpipe emissions EVs help to reduce harmful pollutants directly into the atmosphere making them a cleaner option for urban areas where air quality is a significant concern.  Electric vehicles are generally quieter than traditional vehicles which reduce noise pollution in cities leading to improved living conditions and potential health benefits.

Another benefit of EVs is supporting Renewable Energy Transition. For example, EVs are not only consumers of electricity but they can also serve as an essential component of the transition to renewable energy sources.  Renewable energy sources are considered sustainable because they produce little to no greenhouse gas emissions and help mitigate climate change.  Additionally, they reduce dependence on finite fossil fuels and contribute to energy security.

In conclusion, electric vehicles play a vital role in mitigating climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving air quality, and supporting the transition to renewable energy sources. Widespread adoption is essential for addressing the environmental and health challenges posed by conventional internal combustion engine vehicles.  Meanwhile, as technology advances and infrastructure improve, electric vehicles will continue to emerge as a foundation of sustainable transportation offering a pathway to cleaner and more climate-resilient future to combat climate change effectively.


image: https://www.timeforkids.com/g56/should-all-cars-be-electric/


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2 Responses

  1. Evs are definitely the way to go for the future as a step to reducing or even potentially stopping climate change. I would also like to mention that although EVs are a much more suitable choice for this, it may take decades before every vehicle is powered by electricity. Hybrids have also become popular for this kind of situation, powered both by fuel and electricity while cutting down on carbon emissions as well. Another suggestion to this would be to rely on cleaner forms of transportation too, such as biking which some cities have built or are contributing towards more bike lanes as a form of transportation. Currently though, EVs are the right step to take for combatting climate change.

  2. I agree that EVs are the future of the car industry, for they are more energy efficient, however it wasn’t until I did more research myself that I realized that the impact of EVs in reducing emissions, is and will continue to be somewhat redundant unless we clean up the production of EVs from start to finish. As you state, EVs require to be charged which unfortunately relies on power grids that still, to some extent, rely on fossil fuels. Until power grids completely cease to rely on fossil fuels, the recharging of EVs can cause power grids that still rely on coal to produce more pollution in the long run than a non-EV. In addition, the production of the batteries for EVs will increase the demand of both cobalt and lithium, two raw materials that as of now are not sustainably acquired. 70% of cobalt today comes from The Democratic Republic of Congo who’s miners, which includes children, are forced to use hand tools in dangerous conditions. The extraction of lithium requires a lot of ground water, thus making the production of EVs “50% more water intensive” than traditional cars. As of now, I think the the production of EVs should be slowed down to match the pace at which the power grids get ‘cleaned up’ and the acquisition of the raw materials becomes more humane and environmentally friendly.
    Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/02/climate/electric-vehicles-environment.html

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