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Climate Change in Tourism, Industry & Agriculture.

Agriculture is one of the most vital sectors in the world, and it is also one of the most vulnerable to climate change. The changing weather patterns are leading to unpredictable rainfall, droughts, and floods, which are severely impacting crop yields. In developing countries, where the majority of the population depends on agriculture for their livelihoods, the effects of climate change can be catastrophic. The food insecurity and malnutrition that arise from poor harvests worsen existing inequalities and increase poverty levels.

According to the World Bank, climate change is expected to reduce global agricultural productivity by up to 30% by 2050. The impact of this will be most severe in regions that already don’t have sufficient food, such as sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. For instance, in India, the impact of climate change on agriculture is predicted to lead to an annual loss of $200 billion by 2030. Industries involved in the production of goods and services, too, are feeling the effects of climate change.

Extreme weather events such as floods, hurricanes, and droughts are disrupting supply chains, causing economic losses, and damaging infrastructure. For example, in 2017, Hurricane Harvey caused an estimated $125 billion in damages to the US economy, with a significant impact on the oil and gas industry. The tourism industry is also heavily impacted by climate change. Rising sea levels and stronger storms are damaging beaches, coral reefs, and other natural attractions, while extreme heat makes some destinations unbearable for visitors. The World Tourism Organization predicts that the effects of climate change could lead to a 30% reduction in tourism by 2080, with the loss of up to 100 million jobs.

However, it is not just the industries that are affected by climate change. The people who depend on them, such as farmers, city dwellers, and the poor, are also impacted in significant ways. Farmers, for instance, are losing their source of income, while city dwellers are exposed to extreme heat and pollution. The poor, who are often the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change, are disproportionately impacted. They are more likely to live in areas prone to flooding, have fewer resources to adapt, and suffer from the health impacts of pollution and extreme weather events.

According to the World Health Organization, climate change is already causing over 150,000 deaths annually, with the poorest populations bearing the full force of the impact. The health impacts of climate change include the spread of infectious diseases, malnutrition, and heat stress, among others. These effects are particularly severe in developing countries with weak health  systems.

Overall, climate change is a global crisis with far-reaching consequences for agriculture, industry, tourism, and the people impacted by them. The effects of climate change are felt most acutely by the poorest and most vulnerable populations, who have the least capacity to adapt. It is imperative that we take action to mitigate the effects of climate change to avoid the worst outcomes. We must work towards a sustainable future that prioritizes the health and well-being of all people and the planet.



Works Cited:

1. “Topics.” World Bank, https://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/climatechange/brief/global-crisis-local-solutions-how-to-help-communities-adapt-to-climate-change

2. “The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.” IPCC, https://www.ipcc.ch/.

3. UNWTO. “Home | UNWTO.” Unwto.org, 2019, www.unwto.org/.

4. World Health Organization. “World Health Organization.” Who.int, World Health Organization, 2023, www.who.int/

5. United Nations Development Programme. “UNDP.” UNDP, 2018, www.undp.org/.

6. United Nations. “UNFCCC.” Unfccc.int, 2017, unfccc.int/.

Comment on this article

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2 Responses

  1. Yes, I agree with the fact that climate change has significantly impacted agriculture. My father used to be a farmer, but most of the land in my hometown is barren due to a lack of workers. I have worked on a farm field myself and have had a bad experience on how small changes in temperature and rainfall can affect the farmers. We used to grow three crops per year – rice, wheat, and corn. I have fond memories of my parents taking me to the fields when I was a child. During the planting season for rice (June), the fields were always soft and muddy, and there was usually enough water but not too much rain, which was ideal for the rice to grow. The harvest season for rice is October which always seems to coincide with clear, sunny weather and cool breezes. After the rice was harvested, we would grow wheat from mid-October to January and then grow corn from February to June.
    As I grew older, I noticed that the cycle of planting and harvesting these three crops was pushed back. While there may be various reasons for this, such as a shortage of labor, I believe the most significant reason is the changing weather patterns. In my experience, rice used to be planted in the last week of July and harvested in November. Wheat was then planted in December and harvested in April, while corn was typically planted in May and harvested in July.
    What I noticed is how small changes in temperature, precipitation patterns have affected the growth and development of these crops leading to a shift in the optimal planting and harvesting time. The worst effect of these changes in weather is that they can sometimes completely destroy crops. For example, during the rice harvest season, rainfall can be a curse for farmers. Ideally, the weather during this time should be clear and sunny, with little wind. Even a small amount of rain or wind can damage the crops and cause significant losses for the farmers.
    Rice is particularly vulnerable to damage during the harvest season, as the grains can be easily knocked off the stalks and lost if the weather is not favorable. This can be devastating for farmers who rely on the crop for their livelihoods.

  2. As someone who grew up in Cyprus, I can totally agree that climate change has indeed changed a lot of stuff in agriculture and tourism.

    Cyprus is in Mediterranean, that means the temperature usually is high, and we have a lot of heatwaves. Once I myself tried working as a farmer to get some money, the heat was unbearable, especially in the summer. Not only is it bad for the people that work on the farms but it’s bad for the crops too. There are some plants that do not tolerate heat, so they tend to die a lot. On the other hand there are plants that need a lot of water in order to be sustained, but Cyprus is also known for their shortage of water. And in times now that climate changes everything, we are going to have increase temperature and longer summers.

    For tourism, Cyprus in one of those countries which depends on tourism to get money. But here, the same goes with agriculture. Who wants to come to a country where it’s too hot and there are chances for heat waves? So we started losing tourism a lot and many local businesses closed because of that.

    As you mentioned there are 150,000 deaths already from climate change. Luckily, no one I know has died from climate change, but if we don’t do something about it heatwaves will be stronger and there will be increase to deaths too.

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