Did climate change start in 21st Century? No. Climate change has been occurring for millions of years, but the fastest movement patterns started since the 1800s due to increasing human activities such as urbanization, industrialization and increasing the use of fossil fuel. I believe that Climate change is one of the major topics that everyone is concerned about today. Even though most developed countries face these changes, some poor countries become poorer in many ways due to the effects of climate change. The majority of poor countries’ economy depends on traditional importing and exporting methods such as agriculture, natural resources, and tourism, which can be changed mostly by climate change. There are more than 25 million people displaced due to the effects of natural disasters each year. About 250,000 people die each year around the world because of climate change.
Droughts, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, and tsunamis are happening all around the world more often and poor countries do not have the ability to recover like other countries that are developed. Droughts and floods destroy and decrease the amount of agriculture products. This is a big problem situation for the people living in poor countries. Not only that, but extreme precipitation can also destroy their properties and their lives too.
Bangladesh is one of the most affected countries in the Asia Pacific region facing climate change. In the past 20 years, Bangladesh faced 185 extreme weather events and it cost more than 3.7 billion dollars. Bangladesh loses one billion dollars yearly due to typical cyclones. Not only that, but Bangladesh will also lose 11% of their lands by 2050 caused by the sea level rising, which badly affects the agriculture field.
Sri Lanka is one of those other developing countries which face the impact of climate change. Tourism is one of the key ways people earn income in the country due to the natural and beautiful environment condition. It ranks third in ways people earn income. Since tourists could travel from hot tropical places to a cold environment in a few hours, tourists can have a great experience. The climate in Sri Lanka makes attractions such as waterfalls, mountains, botanical gardens, and forests. There were lots of changes happening in the past few decades in Sri Lanka due to climate change. Changes in rains and the temperature made sinking rivers and waterfalls, changed the appearance of the botanical gardens, and the natural looks of the forests which is the most popular tourist attractions. These causes lead to decreases in the tourism industry and it has cut down numbers of jobs in the tourism industry. This leads to people struggling to survive and fight these crises individually. The rate of income by tourism decrease each year and it can impact the national GDP of Sri Lanka.
The climate change effects each country’s different ways. It also directly impacts natural resources, which most poor countries depend on and it is hard to recover with those countries economic strength or lack therefore. The worldwide organization must pay attention and assist these countries to stand and survive the effects of climate change.