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Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Industry, Social Class, and Tourism by City Tech Blogger Isatu Jalloh

The unending increase in greenhouse gas emissions has raised the atmospheric temperature of the Earth. The rising atmospheric temperature has led to glaciers melting, increased precipitation extreme weather events, and shifting seasons. Climate change, along with socioeconomic factors such as global population and income growth pose a global threat to food security. Climate change has posed a significant threat to agriculture. The rising atmospheric temperature has reduced crop yields while encouraging weed and pest growth. Additionally, there has been changes in precipitation patterns which increases the likelihood of short-term crop failures. This essentially will cause an decline in long term production for harvesting. Although crops may benefit in certain regions of the world, overall, the effects of climate change on agriculture are expected to threaten global food security. Populations in developing countries, which are already vulnerable and food insecure, are more susceptible to suffering from food shortage.

Climate change has had negative effects in the Industrial sector. Impacts of climate change are expected to decline disproportionately to the micro small and medium enterprises which includes product damages, disruption to supply chain, and disruptions in businesses operations. Ideally, climate change should offer new business opportunities to the people. However, in reality,  a warming planet poses numerous risks to businesses, ranging from disrupted supply chains to rising insurance costs to labor challenges.  Additionally, climate change negatively impacts tourism because climate heavily influences and determines a large portion of tourist flows and trends. It has had an impact on many tourist destinations, where natural disasters such as droughts, storms, and hurricanes, have made many regions and global communities vulnerable. The increase in global temperature may shorten the winter season, reducing tourism on ski resorts, and potentially leading to socioeconomic problems in most affected regions. However, despite climate change harming tourism in well-known areas, it may highlight the tourism potential of previously unexplored areas. It is critical to recognize the reciprocal relationship between tourism and climate change, and how tourism-related pollution contributes to global warming. In other words, tourism has been influenced by climate change which contributes to global warming. Additionally the change in weather has negatively affected the tourism sector. Climate changes may change the annual patterns of overall rainfall, increasing heat waves, and reducing snow cover. Weather patterns that are gradually shifting, rising sea levels, and more extreme weather events are devastating evidence of both a rapidly changing climate and an urgent need for a solution. Overall, the the effects of climate changes in tourism are detrimental on a grander scale.

While climate change effects have been proven globally, the effects are not distributed evenly. Lower class people that are burdened by poverty and oppression bear the brunt of the consequences while having minimum capacity to cope. Additionally those who struggle to earn a living, feed their families, and build stable homes will potentially face more burden as the climate crisis worsens. The frequency and intensity of extreme weather events such as hurricanes, wildfires, and droughts endanger the lives of front-line communities, displacing residents and jeopardizing food sources and livelihoods. These are contributing factors to create further division between social classes, hunger, and poverty. The impacts on climate change commonly affects agriculture, industry, and tourism but it has proven to affect our physical environment, human society, and ecosystems. This will negatively effect the life cycle for humans.



Letson, D. (2017), “Climate Change and Food Security: Florida’s Agriculture in the Coming Decades”, World Agricultural Resources and Food Security (Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, Vol. 17), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 85-102. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1574-871520170000017007

Roson, R. and Sartori, M. (2014), “Climate change, tourism and water resources in the Mediterranean: A general equilibrium analysis”, International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 212-228. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-01-2013-0001


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