The “Paris Agreement” is a climate change agreement adopted at the Paris Climate Change Conference on December 12, 2015, and signed in New York on April 22, 2016. The agreement decides the global response to climate change after 2020. A major feature of the Paris Agreement is that it breaks the top-down mechanism of climate policy re-governance in the past. It is a new model based on state-funded contributions. The climate agreement is not just an environmental governance issue, it is also designed for national interests, national governance resources, and strategic issues of great powers. For China, China has just obtained this strategic opportunity, and is facing the stage of economic transformation and searching for new resources, and the accession agreement is just in line with the development direction of China.
The Paris Agreement is an agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It can be regarded as a production capacity transformation timetable set by the Chinese government. After 2030, China is expected to transform high pollution and high energy consumption into low carbon environmental protection. The way of clearing energy and high-tech industries, of course, before that, solving environmental problems also requires financial and technical support from Western countries. It is a generally mutually beneficial agreement. Developing countries should protect the environment and developed countries should get money to help. Developing countries protect the environment.
However, China is still the largest coal producer and consumer in the world, and the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions is still very high. Growing research evidence shows that climate change caused by the enhanced greenhouse effect exposes humans to multiple risks such as economic retardation, health damage, food and water shortages, frequent extreme weather, and sea-level rise,, especially for less developed and climate-sensitive regions. Therefore, it is extremely important to find the optimal way of resource endowment and environmental risk in dealing with the risks brought by climate change. Climate change constraints have also become one of the most important constraints in the energy consumption choices of countries around the world in the future, and low-carbon development has become the mainstream trend. Moreover, to make a substantial and substantial low-carbon transformation of the global energy system, the decarbonization of the power sector is a key measure to achieve this goal.
The carbon neutrality targets announced by many countries recently, as well as the carbon neutrality targets of many large enterprises, have made us already on the way to the 2°C temperature rise target of the Paris Agreement, or even its 1.5°C temperature rise target. The future development of renewable energy, nuclear power, and end-sector electrification technology will make the climate change response and international cooperation bright. Studies have shown that achieving carbon neutrality has its technical feasibility and policy feasibility, and countries have been scrambling to achieve carbon neutrality. The future carbon neutrality is not only energy transition, but more importantly, the technological and economic competition behind it. The carbon neutrality goals of various countries have changed the pattern of technology, investment, and international cooperation. China should formulate a clear emission reduction and scientific and technological research and development strategy as soon as possible to ensure that it does not fall behind in new economic transformation, energy transformation, and scientific and technological research and development.