Can a single technology have a significant impact on climate change? Climate change is the long-term change of weather patterns over countries and regions over time. This has been proven by comparing weather patterns from pre-industrial era to post-industrial era, as well as observing rising sea levels. I believe that technology does have the potential, however too much of one thing can do more harm than good.
Electric cars would have the most impact on climate change because it would reduce the greenhouse gas emissions by gas-run cars and would decrease the demand for gasoline but would drastically increase the demand for electricity which can be the downside of switching from regular gas cars to electric based vehicles. There is also a concern for the affordability of electric cars for the average consumer. Another downside is that electricity is not generated at an efficient rate by using renewable resources opposed to burning fossil fuels because unlike non-renewable resources, the renewable resources such as wind power and solar power are required to be in desirable locations such as a location that receives a lot of sunlight or is a windy area. However, this does not affect non-renewable resources such as coal because they only require a location that is away from cities to prevent air becoming too polluted for the residents to be able to bare and needs the help of transportation to help move coal from the mines to power plants to be converted into electricity or other energy sources. Also, with the change from regular cars to electric it is said that people will save more opposed to driving diesel powered cars, but what is stopping them from purchasing these vehicles are the price tag.
Others may say that solar or wind power may have the most positive impact on climate change because it will replace energy sources that produce greenhouse gases like coal-based power plants which, when it is converted into electricity, has many uses such as heating, cooking, lighting and much more. With less usage of coal, greenhouse gas emissions are minimized and by depending on coal less and by changing the methods in which we acquire electricity to a safer and renewable source of energy it can prolong the availability of coal which can be mined to a certain extent. The purpose of solar and wind power is to produce electricity without emitting harmful gases into the atmosphere therefore not contributing to climate change. The problems that come with solar and wind powered technologies are the costs to make these technologies and how many are required to produce the same results or more compared to coal-based power plants. As well, when it comes to unforeseen circumstances that can affect the production rate for these technologies, if there is a backup plan that can be relied upon to minimize the damages. In other words, electric cars would be a better option to minimize climate change because companies that are producing these vehicles would have to work on improving their technology to maximize their efficiency to match up to standard cars in order to become a permanent solution to the reduction of CO2 emissions by gas fueled cars.
In conclusion, electric cars would have the most impact in mitigating climate change because it can become cost effective and help transport people without emitting CO2 emissions. As well, electric cars would benefit the environment by replacing standard cars to electric, which would reduce the use of gasoline, a fossil fuel producing carbon dioxide when burned. Unlike building wind turbines or solar panels that can cause a reduction in production rate but need ideal settings and are sensitive to their environment, electric cars require only an electric company capable of keeping up with the increase in demand for electricity if a substantial portion of the population is in possession of an electric car.