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How is Bangladesh Affected by the Compound Risks of COVID-19 & Climate Change?

Bangladesh is one of the foremost defenseless nations to climate change or climate alter, which has had drastic impacts on the population struck by the widespread COVID-19.  The lockdown measures were ineffectual with no sign of straightening the bend. Hence, the high risk of transmission is obvious with an expanding number of infected individuals. Beneath this circumstance, numerous dangerous situations can be created in this nation due to climatic dangers such as tornados, surges, avalanches, warm waves, and the flare-up of irresistible maladies such as dengue, cholera, and diarrhea. At the same time, the country experiences the harms due to the violent wind (Amphan). In this manner, these numerous variables have been seeing the loss of millions of homes, jobs and agrarian crops.

The novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) has been taking an annihilating toll all over the world. The world finds a mind-boggling and exceptional circumstance; the COVID-19 widespread, an Open Wellbeing Crisis of Universal Concern (PHEIC) as well as a financial emergency. As of July 30, 2020, more than 17 million individuals around the world affirmed COVID-19 influenced by almost 0.67 million passing. The USA, Brazil, India, Russia, South Africa, Mexico, and Peru have been confronting the most noticeably awful circumstances within the recent past. According to IEDCR/DGHS/GOB Coronavirus COVID-19 dashboard, Bangladesh witnessed the first confirmed COVID-19 infected Italian migrant on March 8, 2020. Be that as it may, the nation pronounced an across the nation lockdown counting all instructive organizing, and government and private workplaces viable from Walk 26, 2020, to anticipate human transmission. Some 221,178 COVID-19 contaminations were identified nationwide with a detailed passing toll of 2874 until July 25, 2020, and the rate of contamination against the full tests is more than 20% (Figure-1). In Bangladesh,  a single COVID-19 location strategy has been utilized, the turnaround transcriptase-polymerase chain response (RT-PCR). (Reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is a sensitive in vitro method and has a crucial role in medical science and biomaterial fields)  This method can produce the most extreme affectability (67%) inside the primary week of infection and after that diminished to 45% two weeks after the disease (Shormin and Yusuf, 2020). Usually highly specific to the viral RNA, in this manner, this strategy is not appropriate for the asymptomatic infection carriers and recouped patients. A combined approach of both atomic discovery strategies in conjunction with immunological strategies might create a genuine COVID-19 situation in Bangladesh.

Figure-1: COVID-19 in Bangladesh (a) Cases (b) Deaths and (c) Percentage of cases per total test.

Image Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7561529/figure/fig1/?report=objectonly

Agreeing to the reports of The Interval Board on Climate Alter (IPCC, 2014) due to the display slant of climate alter, there is a parcel of challenges will be confronted in counting water security, destitution, clashes, and irresistible infection plagues (IPCC, 2014). Climate alter has been a central issue for centuries, but indeed more so within the final decade, with many centers in later months (Damani, 2020). Around more than 300 peer-reviewed papers have illustrated extraordinary climate around the world and the potential effect of anthropogenic exercises for the acceptance of such occasions. Heatwaves are the major contributing occasions taken after dry spells, rainfalls, and surges (Carbon Brief, 2020). The World Meteorological Organization announced the final decade (2010–2019) as the ‘decade of remarkable worldwide heat’ (WMO, 2019) and it detailed that climate helplessness and extraordinary occasions as the key drivers for lifting worldwide starvation (WMO, 2019). A line of proof proposed the effect of climate alter on open wellbeing issues including ailing health, diarrhea, intestinal sickness, dengue fever, wounds, and passing’s (IPCC, 2014; Tong et al., 2016; Watts et al., 2018; Zhang et al., 2019; Yang et al., 2020).

Bangladesh has been considered as one of the foremost helpless nations and a set of climate alter impacts have, as of now, been recognized such as extraordinary temperature, sporadic precipitation, saltiness interruption, sea-level rise, and expanded escalated surges, streak surges, dry spells, and tornados(Islam et al., 2019; Rahman and Islam, 2019). And these dangers have noteworthy negative impacts on employment, nourishment and dietary security, water, and sanitation, and in general open health. Considering the geographic area, climate design, recurrence and escalation of common fiascos, sporadic precipitation design and warm stretch, water quality and accessibility, timberland, and arrive accessibility, agrarian and infrastructural powerlessness, job and destitution circumstance determinants 41 locales out of 64 areas of Bangladesh have been distinguished as the most powerless locale to climate alter impacts ( Figure-2 ) (MoEFCC 2018). The helpless zones are the coastal locales, slope tracts, Barind tracts, Haor bowls, and the fast-growing urban zones in Bangladesh (MoEFCC 2018). On occasion, amid a standard storm surge, it covers around 20% of the nation whereas in an extreme circumstance approximately more than 60% of the nation get immersed with disturbing life and causing passing’s (NPDM, 2017; Islam et al., 2020).

Image Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7561529/figure/fig2/?report=objectonly

Hence, nourishment security, water accessibility, open wellbeing, agribusiness, and employments helplessness leads individuals to underneath the destitution line, driving to uncommon human relocations and expanded intergroup struggle (World Bank, 2018). The socio-economic and psychosocial impacts, and the nourishment uncertainty, as well as rising destitution due to COVID-19 at the community level, ought to be facilitated well in conjunction with the coming calamities of tornados, surges, and avalanches of rainstorm seasons, and the rising hazard of dengue fever, the runs, cholera in Bangladesh. All these might exasperate the helpful needs of the foremost defenseless bunches within the nation within the coming months and beyond.  The Government of Bangladesh has as of now mobilized a critical boost bundle to bolster the influenced businesses and community individuals which ought to be facilitated over a longer period of 12–18 months and possibly for another 5-year plan. In addition, compassion ought to reach to the foremost powerless communities which must be focused on, laid out, and delivered.

References

Rahman, M. M., Doza, M. B., Shammi, M., Islam, M. T., & Khan, M. (2020, October 16). COVID-19 pandemic, dengue epidemic, and climate change vulnerability in Bangladesh: Scenario assessment for strategic management and policy implications.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7561529/.

Link 1:  https://drive.google.com/file/d/1GymB9DMk5f5ImbG3krj_WiiIERoJkCFd/view?usp=sharing

Link 2: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7561529/figure/fig1/?report=objectonly

Link 3: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7561529/figure/fig2/?report=objectonly

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