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Climate Change Mitigation Challenges of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is often addressed as the ‘adaptation capital of the world’ because of its exciting progress as one of the most climate-vulnerable countries of the world. Climate change is causing damage to communities and infrastructure, damaging livelihoods, and even forcing people to be evacuated from their homes, towns, and even countries globally. Because of climate change, environmental degradation is happening such as droughts, sea-level rise, and melting permafrost and Bangladesh is on the frontline of these disasters. Being a densely populated country with limited natural resources, Bangladesh has been intensely suffering from the energy crisis in the past few decades.

Governments have already taken the necessary steps to energize the local economy by introducing energy usage in the government-owned offices and inspiring them with low-interest loan schemes. The renewable energy system looks promising in Bangladesh and the country  will be one of the world leaders in the adaption of renewable energy systems with the proper technical support and large production. Renewable energy with low carbon emissions is an opportunity for Bangladesh to face climate change challenges. Some of the innovative technologies that will successfully mitigate climate change in Bangladesh are described below.

Solar Energy

Bangladesh state-owned framework advancement company constrained (IDCOL) has introduced 3 million solar-home frameworks (SHS) by giving clean vitality over 13 million of the provincial populace as of now. Bangladesh receives a normal day by day sun-powered radiation within the extend of 4-5 kilo Watt hour per meter. The modern mega power venture vision 2021, actualized by Prime Minister’s power. Worldwide Post cites that Bangladesh introduced over 50,000 SHS and Bangladesh is the fastest-growing country around the world. To show vitality, utilization in Bangladesh is approximately 0.16 Watt per meter square arrive zone, in spite of the fact that the openness is over 208 Watt per meter square.

According to Reuters. SOLshare, has set up rural Bangladeshi owners with  home solar power systems has made Bangladesh is one of the world’s leaders in solar home systems for off-grid communities, with more than 5 million of the systems now in place.

Wind Energy

The potential breeze energy is mostly restricted to the waterfront zones where the speed of the wind is impressively higher.

Figure: Wind Power in Bangladesh

https://media-eng.dhakatribune.com/uploads/2017/10/MahmudOpu-20160312-0005.jpg

Biomass

Regular biomass assets accessible in the nation are sugarcane stuff, rice husks, crop deposits, squander wood, creature and civil squanders, among others. Items created from various sugar factories could be used in the creation of elective energy.  All out-biomass fuel is a gauge (2004) sum to 11.858 million tons of coal same. Bangladesh has the potential to produce about one million tons of briquettes and sugarcane is also a good resource to be considered for green energy production, because Bangladesh has many sugar mills installed at various locations in the country

Biogas

Biogas fundamentally from creature and metropolitan squanders might be one of the promising sustainable power assets for Bangladesh. Bangladesh Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR) has created biogas plants reasonable for the nation. A decent number of bio-gas plants have just been set up all through the nation. In another attainability study, it has been demonstrated that up to 800 MW (megawatts) of power could be created utilizing natural city squanders and poultry litters.

Hydro Power

The main hydropower station in the nation, the Karnaphuli Hydro Power Station has a creating limit of 230 MW. Micro hydro and scaled-down hydro have restricted possibilities in Bangladesh, except for Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill plots. The Sangu River Project and the Matmuhuri Development Projects have a potential introduced limit of 140 MW and 75 MW individually. There are seven little scope hydropower age likely locales in Khagrachari, Bandarban, and Rangamati Districts. Other environmentally friendly power sources incorporate biofuels, gasohol, geothermal, stream current, wave, and flowing energy. In any case, the possibilities of these sources are yet to be investigated.

Afforestation

Afforestation may not be a technological innovation, but I want to discuss it since healing naturally is the best way to deal with climate challenges. Imported species planted in Bangladesh have been discovered to be helpless against dry season and food, diminishing their life expectancy altogether. Afforestation through the ranch of homogeneous and territory shrewd fitting species by the side of streets, trenches can have numerous useful outcomes. Among them are expanding neighborhood soil dampness and mugginess, reestablishing a more adjusted biological system, and expanding provincial precipitation. Given the open doors in the sustainable power area in Bangladesh, there have been a lot of impediments that should be survived. The absence of specialized data on the attainability study debilitates the speculators to go for a greater strategy and Bangladesh presently does not have any focal information base.

References

Khan, M. R. (2017, March 14). Climate Change Governance: Bangladesh Perspective. https://symbiosisonlinepublishing.com/horticulture-agriculture/horticulture-agriculture10.php.

Stanley, M. (2017, September 17). Using Technology to Fight Climate Change. https://www.morganstanley.com/ideas/using-technology-for-climate-change-mitigation.

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