Climate change effects Bangladesh, a small country with a large population located in South Asia and whose total area is only 57,320 square miles with a population of approximately 161,376,708. The income sources are basically farming and fishing. Because climate change causes high sea levels, it leads to flooding. Since 28% population live in coastal regions, people face danger due to flooding, erosion, landslides and many more. Bangladesh’s future is not safe when it comes to combating climate change. By 2025, the sea level will rise about 50 cm (19.685 inches) causing this country to lose approximately 11% of its land. Farming and fishing will be highly impacted; most farmers livelihood is based on selling crops and fish. Natural disasters that will be intensified by the climate change will destroy their lives.
Because agriculture makes up the main economy in Bangladesh, farmers can expect to experience more soil degradation, a ruined irrigation system causing many crops to be badly damaged. The farmers will lose so much, and price reduction of crops will hurt them most. “Once this village was green with paddy fields. But now the water is salty, and the trees have died. We can only farm shrimp. I am devastated when I think that I will have to move” said a farmer named Gopal Munda from Southern Bangladesh. Climate change effects our industries as well by stronger and more natural disasters that damage properties, infrastructures, creating a huge impact on the economy, which in turn directly effects tourism as well. Cox’s Bazar, a large sea beach is a great attraction spot for tourists. Currently we are losing lots of tourists due to coastline damages.
Bangladesh is vulnerable to climate change because of its low elevation and high population density living in inadequate infrastructure within poor communities. Poor people are at risk during hurricanes, flooding, or landslides and end up moving from one place to another. Most of the poor people live by the coastal region which is highly vulnerable to natural disasters. Due to riverbank erosion, 50% of those now living in Bangladesh’s urban slums may be there because they were forced to flee their rural homes. Natural disasters also bring various diseases which poor people can easily affected. The diseases kill most of these poor people.
Overall, the future looks dim for those living in Bangladesh because of climate change. The impacts of climate change are seen as poor people lose their houses, the businessmen and farmers lose money. Climate change brings disaster to this country which affects the economy, health, and environment. People have to work with the government collaboratively to combat these issues in order to make a safer, more resilient environment.