Climate change is real and it’s a more daily reality in a poor-country like Bangladesh. Bangladesh is already facing the impact of climate change when wealthier countries are just talking about how they will face it or is it real or not. Bangladesh is one of the most highly populated countries in the world and most of the people rely solely on farming. According to the article “Climate Displacement in Bangladesh” from the Environmental Justice Foundation website up to 18 million people may have to move and by 2050 one in seven people will be displaced because of climate change and sea-level rise. So, they have to find a new place to live and it will be really hard for them to manage that because most of the people earn less than $1 a day. This will change the country’s geographical map as well. Climate change will permanently affect their economy, health, education and lifestyle. The government won’t be able to recover from climage change caused disasters unless wealthier countries come up with some strategy or help them directly.
One of the reasons for climate change and global warming is the production of greenhouse gas. Bangladesh emits 0.1% of global greenhouse gases where, on the other hand, United States’ emission rate is 24%. But Bangladeshi’s economy and people are directly affected by climate change because 28% of Bangladeshi people live in coastal areas that will be affected by sea-level rise directly. The region will lose a big portion of its land to the sea because of sea level rise and people will suffer from it. It means lots of people have to find a new place to live and new land to farm. With a population density of 1,115.62 people per square kilometer there is not enough land to live and farm, so it may create food shortages. It will affect the health system. Food shortage can lead to undernutrition, risk of mortality from diarrheal illness. Also, mosquito-borne diseases are affecting a large number of people in Bangladesh after the drought. So, they won’t have a healthy life like rich countries people have, although rich countries are the ones creating this problem mostly. Adding to this grim prospective view of the future, besides sea-level rise, Bangladesh also has droughts, floods, and cyclones and climate change makes it worse.
What should we do now? Since it’s a global problem we have to solve it globally. Wealthy countries have to take responsibility and work closely with poor countries. They have to make sure that poor countries can get proper technology and money to face this problem properly. Private organizations can also help create new technology to face this problem. The most important player in this crisis is the United Nations. According to the Los Angeles Times article “Wealthy countries are responsible for climate change, but it’s the poor who will suffer most” the wealthier nations promised to raise the Green Climate Fund up to $100 billion by 2020, but they have donated around $10 billion only. In February, 2020, a total of $10.3 billion has been pledged and $8.24 billion confirmed.
Wealthier nations aren’t keeping promises and working the way they should. Solving this problem is a costly and long-term process but if we don’t start now then it will be harder to do it in the future. Maybe it’s the poor countries who are suffering now, but very soon wealthier countries will face the same types of consequences too. We still have time to work together to save our world and for that, we have to work as a family.