The biggest threat the world faces today is climate change. Humanity is doing everything they can and using all the tools at their disposal to negate the effects of climate change. One of the biggest tools humanity has to tackle climate change is artificial intelligence (AI). Simultaneously, artificial intelligence is a technology growing at an exponential rate. The increase in technology for AI is vital for the protection of humanity otherwise climate change will reach the point of no return.
Defining Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Artificial intelligence is the ability of a computer to think and learn when information is given. These type of computers have a mind of their own and can function independently without inputting commands or being encoded (Cho, par.2). Artificial Intelligence is growing exponentially and can detect patterns that humans cannot and make more accurate predictions. AI is used as an environmental tool to tackle climate change in several different ways, such as smart agriculture, protecting the oceans, and city managing.
How AI is used as an Environmental Tool
AI is used in smart agriculture by measuring crop moisture, soil composition, and temperature to therefore notify when it needs to be watered where drones come in. This in turn reduces water waste, pesticide waste, and fertilizer waste by accurately determining the cycles. Furthermore, AI protects the oceans by predicting the spread of invasive species, detect ocean litter, and monitor pollution levels. This date in turn builds models to create solutions for the ecosystem under those conditions. Meanwhile, AI manages cities by collecting data to then forecast energy demand. Flooding is also an occurrence in cities that AI can predict so officials can work on urban planning. In China, AI is used to forecast air pollution, track down the source, and even generate solutions on how to solve it.
Cho, Renee “Artificial Intelligence-A Game Changer for Climate Change and the Environment.” State of the Plane, 05 Jun 2018, https://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2018/06/05/artificial-intelligence-climate-environment/