Just Released! Order “Waking Up to Climate Change” by George Ropes, and receive 25% Discount. Learn More

HOME          CATEGORIES          OUR TAKE

Climate Change in Guyana by City Tech Blogger Shamach Campbell

My family is from Guyana, a country that resides  on the northern coast of South America. While normally a majority  of the country relies on fishing for the economy over the last few decades, there have been problems arising due to the build-up of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere creating warmer temperatures and an increase in moisture in the environment. The warmer planet and melting glaciers contribute to sea level rise. According to a study called “Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large Part 1: Observed climate change”, it states, “Tide gauge data in Guyana from the period 1951 to 1979 indicated a mean relative sea-level rise of 10.2 mm per year. This is more than five times the global average over a similar period.” Long story short, it’s because of greenhouse gases we’re starting to see a massive rise in the amount of coastal flooding. Not only that, but we are also seeing a rise in the amount of annual rainfall. The thing about Guyana is that despite its overall landmass, about 90% of the country’s residents live along the coast. What makes things worse is that Guyana sits a few meters below sea level due to the coast being relatively flat, and it leaves lower areas  more prone to frequent  amounts of rainfall. That in turn makes draining the runoff very difficult.

It’s not just the homes, but the coast and geographic regions are also affected, and a huge chunk of the economy receives  damage as well.  In the second part study called “Impacts of Climate Change on Guyana and the World at large Part 2: Impacts of Future Climate Change”, it states “Approximately 75% of the country’s economic activities are located on the coastal area, where the major economic activities, such as agriculture, fisheries, and industries are found. These sectors are extremely sensitive to extreme weather events and sea-level rise and are therefore highly vulnerable to changes in climate.”  With 75% of economic activity and 90% of the populace residing on the coast all clustered together, Guyana as a whole could face catastrophic  greater effects due to climate change.


Sometimes the effects of greenhouses gases can have a more drastic impact on inland areas as well. For instance, in the study, they talk about how a temperature increase as slightly as 1.5 to 2.5°C  (34 – 36F) is likely to cause major changes in the environment. With the temperature increasing about 1.5°C in the last couple of years, Guyana has been suffering from varying moments of severe droughts that alternates with heavy rainfall and flooding. With the average temperatures rising, it has been predicted that further devastation is along the way. Guyana is known for having a lot of rivers and waterways, so the combination of decreasing precipitation along with increasing evaporation can lead to the fluctuation of the water levels of the rivers. With all of these factors considered, the major rise in sea levels, the intense surges of rainfall and storms, and the overall location and topography in Guyana takes a devastating toll on the residents.

According to the second study, climate change can lead to increased flooding that can cause catastrophic long-term effects on food and agriculture.  Settlement areas and valuable agriculture such as farms and rice fields would be the most affected by the destruction created by floods.  In addition to that, heavy rainfall and drought can lead to reduced soil moisture or cause increased soil erosion, resulting in the loss of crops. These natural disasters can also have a negative effect on the fauna as well. It can cause a spike in the frequency of insects and other pests, as well as create heat stress in livestock because of the higher temperatures. With all of these factors combined, Guyana will continue to suffer unless we  do something about climate change.




Lcds.Gov.Gy, 2020, https://www.lcds.gov.gy/index.php/documents/climatechangeinformation/understandingclimatechange/235understandingclimatechangeimpactsofclimatechangeonguyanaandtheworldatlargepart2impactsoffutureclimatechange/file.

Lcds.Gov.Gy, 2020, https://www.lcds.gov.gy/index.php/documents/climatechangeinformation/understandingclimatechange/234understandingclimatechangepart1impactsofclimatechangeonguyanaandtheworldatlargepart1observedclimatechange/file.

“Climate Change And Sea Level Rise In Guyana”. Ecojesuit.Com, 2020, https://www.ecojesuit.com/climatechangeandsealevelriseinguyana/5734/.


Comment on this article

ClimateYou moderates comments to facilitate an informed, substantive, civil conversation. Abusive, profane, self-promotional, misleading, incoherent or off-topic comments will be rejected. Moderators are staffed during regular business hours (New York time) and can only accept comments written in English.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

The reCAPTCHA verification period has expired. Please reload the page.


More Posts Like This


My Take on Climate Change

According to information given on the website Climate.org, there are a number of statistics which are indicative of the current climate condition: For example, carbon dioxide in the Atmosphere — 414 (Carbon Dioxide…).  According to the Climate Portal of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “Atmospheric CO2 levels of


My Take on Climate Change

Climate Change is largely discussed in today’s era, with countries doing everything they can to stop the increase of climate change, whether that’s using less plastic, reducing carbon emissions or resorting to solar energy. Despite everything that’s happening to prevent catastrophic events and aftermath in the future, climate


Climate Change From My Eyes

Over the years we have heard the term climate change being used in so many different ways. We hear what climate change has caused or things we can do to prevent it. But we never get the actual definition of what climate change is or where the term