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Ghana: A Country Affected by Climate Change By CityTech Blogger Yaw Buadi

We are in the year 2020. In many ways, there have been many changes that have affected Earth since I was born into the world, and changes even before then. The changes range from technological advancements to changes in climate. We are here to talk about the latter and how it has affected various parts, the bad and the good. The country that I want to discuss in particular is the home country of my parents: Ghana. Whether you deny it, climate change is something that is real and affecting the world. By definition, climate change is the change in climate as a result of humans. In other words, the unnatural changes in climate caused by humans and the opposite of climate variability come from natural changes in climate and weather. As humans, we are capable of doing the most good as a result of our intelligence. Though this statement is accurate for the most part, the opposite of this statement is also true; we are contributing to the changes in climate, both good and bad.

Ghana is a country that is located in West Africa. Like most countries located in Africa, the typical weather in Ghana is warmer than usual, with the average temperatures ranging from 30°C (86°F) during the day to 24°C (75°F) during the night. As a result of these temperatures, Ghana results in not surprisingly having tropical climate with the occasional rainy seasons. Since it is usually warmer there, this is the type of weather I would prefer instead of the cold weather and the inconsistency that is New York’s weather. Despite this, like the rest of the world, Ghana is also a victim of climate change. Since I do not live in Ghana, the effects of climate change do not affect me. According to the website, www.gfdrr.org, Ghana is prone to a lot of risks, such as floods, droughts, and  “Between 1991 and 2011, the country experienced seven major floods.”  It also goes on saying that “In 2010, floods in the White Volta River Basin affected hundreds of thousands of people and destroyed many of their livelihoods.” With the loss of livelihood, it can lead into other problems, such as a potential famine and a lot of stress relating to the cost of flood damages. With this in mind, it is safe to say that agriculture has been affected by the flood. Also, people of all professions, especially farmers were affected, and all age groups are affected as well. However in light of this, necessary steps have been taken in the form of “The Ghana Plan of Action for Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation.” As a result of climate change, the floods have happened in Ghana.



With a population of 7.8 billion people, it will definitely be a hard task, but for the sake of Ghana and the planet, we have a possibility of being able to slow down the effects of climate change. The cause of it is mostly from the emission of greenhouse gases from factories, transportation, and agricultural work, to name a few. Basically in our everyday lives, we are contributing to climate change without even knowing that we are. Having said that, we can still mitigate the rate of how fast the climate is changing by taking necessary precautions to pay attention to the amount of greenhouse gases we are emitting from our lives and not get too careless while doing so. This is much easier said than done since we all have lives to live and places to go every day, but for Ghana and the planet to thrive, people need to rise up and become

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