All throughout the world, climate change caused by global warming is a very serious problem. Climate change and global warming go hand in hand with one another. Global warming is the deterioration of the atmosphere due to the release of greenhouse gases mainly caused by the burning of gasoline, diesel, fossil fuel, and even natural emissions. The deterioration of the atmosphere traps more of the radiation and the heat from the sun on the Earth, not allowing it back into space. This in turn gradually increases the average temperature of the Earth, affecting the climate of all countries across the planet.
Because of climate change, the climate of America has changed over the years as well. The summers have become hotter, and the winters warmer and fiercer. America experiences seasonal changes and, with that, weather changes. During the summer, the average temperature has increased and this has been felt by people throughout the country. The summers are hotter and more humid for longer periods of time than in prior years. This means that during the crop season, due to lack of water and desirable conditions, the crops are harder to grow or may die out altogether, causing a shortage of food and an increase in price of crops that survive the harvest. This is an impact felt most in the middle of the country where agriculture is most common. The impact on the western section of America is more consequential since the terrain there is mainly dry, desert-style land. The increase in heat and the lack of water may cause drought, which is something that is more likely to happen with climate change and is already being observed. In the eastern section of America, there are also effects that can be felt from climate change. During the summer when the heat rises, there is added stress on the electrical grid from the multitude of people using their air conditioners and from the heat that was already there from the electrical current running through all the cities.
In addition to the heat of summer, there is also an effect from climate change in the winter. During the winter, the average temperature changes drastically throughout the season. There are also periods in which the precipitation is virtually nonexistent; however, when it does rain or snow, there is typically a large quantity, accompanied by high winds, that falls in a single storm. These storms can cause major damage and devastating consequences to cities. There is also extreme damage to the land in agricultural areas. In the areas where agriculture is prevalent, the excessive amount of sudden precipitation, in addition to high winds and freezing temperatures, damages the soil for the upcoming summer. The land becomes muddy and swamp-like which is unsustainable for crop growth. Repairing fields that have this issue can be expensive and labor intensive. In cities where there are asphalt roads, the most common and well-known issue caused by winter weather is potholes. Potholes are caused when water from either rain or melted snow seeps into cracks in the asphalt and freezes. When the water freezes, it expands, distorting the asphalt and even breaking it into chunks. These potholes cause excessive damage and danger to vehicles, since it is easier for drivers to lose control and get into accidents while driving over them.
The change in climate is causing the climate of America to change as well and is presenting new problems to the people who live there. There is no absolute solution to these problems, but what is certain is that there will continue to be issues while the climate continues to change as drastically as it is.