This article by JASON HICKEL , “The Limits of Clean Energy” written for Foreign Policy discusses the requirements for various metals that the Green New Deal will need to be implemented. It’s a revelation. The transition from fossil fuels to renewables has benefits we’re all aware of, or should be. It will have costs too, that few people have considered, and that have received little media attention. More supplies of various metals — among them copper, lead, zinc, iron, gold, silver, lithium, and several even rarer metals you’ve probably never heard of — will be needed to build out the solar farms, wind turbines, and batteries for electric vehicles and upgraded power grids that are essential components of a carbon-free future. Mines will have to be expanded and multiplied, with grave environmental consequences. Supplies of some minerals lie mostly in poor, unstable, and often despotic countries, all of which may affect the constancy of needed quantities of the metals in question. While we probably won’t run out of any essential resource, prices are sure to climb more than they already have, and timely delivery becomes a concern.
We must move ahead with all deliberate speed to implement the Green New Deal. However, we must also curb our ever-growing energy consumption. We can’t go on overconsuming the Earth’s natural resources. We’re going to have to change our lifestyles, never an easy task. Technology can and will help to some degree — autonomous vehicles will preclude the need for all of us to own a car or two. Electric airplanes will let us keep jetting off to wherever. Improved telecommunications will reduce the need for the daily commute to and from work. On-line commerce is already cutting into shopping trips. We can eschew fast fashion, and scale back wasteful items like SUVs, McMansions, and industries like the arms trade. Getting to a lifestyle that is saner, less wasteful, less harmful to the environment, more sustainable, more just, won’t be easy, but it’s both necessary and doable