The most important issue of the current climatic problem is the greenhouse effect which refers to the conditions when the earth’s atmosphere gets warmed up by carbon dioxide (CO2) emission, causing an increase in global temperature. We must protect our planet from climate change by using technology.
The three most powerful innovative technologies are nuclear power, solar power, and wind energy. Nuclear power can have one of the best impacts on climate change as it is free of carbon emissions which can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Nuclear power plants can fulfill the demand for electricity of the growing population worldwide. Their advantages include being free of carbon emission, causing no air pollution, and having very few emission levels throughout their entire life. Solar power is the most reliable technology which harnesses energy with the help of devices which can convert solar energy into different purposeful energies. The use of solar energy is not cost effective at the moment but it may be in the future. Its most important impact will be its reduction of the usage of natural resources like coal and petroleum which are huge contributors to the carbon emissions around the globe. Wind energy is a renewable energy source and is a naturally available resource which does not deplete with time. Wind energy has one of the lowest CO2 emissive power sources, allowing this energy to have one of the lowest global warming potentials. The power output from the wind is directly proportional to the cube of wind speed. For example, the power output increases with the amount of wind speed. It can be installed wherever there is a continuous supply of wind and thus a continuous supply of electricity can be available. Offshore and high-altitude sites are preferred locations for wind turbine installations as winds are constant and strong. On offshore locations, wind speeds are very high as compared to inland as topography decreases wind speeds. Wind turbines are also cheap to maintain.
To conclude, nuclear power, solar energy, and wind energy are the most effective technologies to save our regions from climate change. With nuclear energy, we can replace fossil fuels, which can reduce the emission of nearly 2 billion tons of carbon dioxide every year or the equivalent of removing 400 million cars off the road per year. To limit the global average temperature, climate change, and for long term energy security, fossil fuels should be eliminated as much as possible by using nuclear power plants. While also having nuclear-powered ships and submarines which can be at sea for long periods without refueling. Use of solar energy can relive our usage of natural products very effectively and compensate for climate change over time as solar energy can be taken from many forms like light energy or heat energy. Wind energy is a clean, cheap, continuous, and limitless source of energy which can meet the future demand. In poorer countries, wind energy technology can be extremely beneficial. Therefore, climate change can be controlled and the harm already done can be compensated for with the use of nuclear power, solar energy, and wind energy. These three technologies will have a huge impact on decreasing the greenhouse effect and reduce global warming.