Drought is a period of below average precipitation resulting in a prolonged shortage of water from the atmosphere, the surface or the groundwater. We need to keep in mind a drought can last for a long period of time, impacting our ecosystem and agriculture within a region. Drought can have an effect on six types of precipitation drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, graupel and hail. All which occur when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor. The dry season is another effect of drought which is a yearly period of low rainfall. “El Nino” is another factor that consists of a warm phase southern combine with a band of warn ocean water that develops in the central and east central equatorial as well as the north and South America region. The fourth effect is erosion and human activities, which from my perspective is something we can prevent. As for wind erosion, it is a natural occurrence that usually takes place in arid climates. The over farming, the excessive irrigation, the deforestation, and the erosion will have an adverse impact on the land’s ability to capture and hold water. Finally, Climate change is known as a change in the statistical distribution of weather patterns for an extended period. Therefore, global drought is expected to have a substantial impact on agriculture throughout the world. especially in developing nations.
According to an article called “Europe’s insatiable hunger for avocados may be causing a drought in Chile” by, David Yanofsky. He states the Valparasio region of Chile is one of the avocados capitals of the world. Therefore, a drought would prevent the world from getting the fruit. Not to mention avocado trees requires large amounts of water in order to grow. Also, agribusiness is exacerbating a regional drought, over pumping the region’s groundwater and emptying its rivers, leaving people without water to drink. In my opinion, this is a serious issue because it seems as if production is more important than the people. David also states that it takes 2,000 liters of water to grow just 4 pounds (2 kilograms) of avocados.
In the future people will get sick and have no choice but to move out of their region as a consequence of agribusinesses trying to produce their avocados for foreign countries. Because we are only thinking about how we can increase productivity, this has become an ongoing situation impacting society. To resolve this problem, I would go to these countries to conduct an investigation so we can stop blaming each other. I would also provide information on new engineering methods that could extract water from areas that have this needed resource to areas that don’t. Investing new methods will help areas that need water for their crops and most importantly for their survival.