Africa is the continent which is facing terrible consequences due to the climate change. According to the article written by Claudia ten Have of United Nations University, published in July 06th 2008, titled “Africa and Climate Change”, many deleterious changes from climate change is to be expected for the future. According to Claudia, “Africa is set to experience:
- Significant increases in temperature by 2010, particularly in the Sahel and part of southern Africa;
- Dramatic decreases in precipitation, declining by more than 20% compared to levels 20 years ago; and
- More frequent and intense tropical storms—parts of the continent will see a 20% increase in cyclone activity.”
It is urgent that the leaders from each part of the world contribute in the amelioration of greenhouse gases.
Climate change has also been eroding the coastline of West Africa. This has caused residents living on the coast to abandon their homes and move inland. It is reported that a quarter of all people living on the continent rely on the ocean as a source of food. At the rate that the waters are heating and the marine ecosystem is failing, these people will not be able to rely on the ocean for food. Due to climate change, researchers have found that the waters surrounding the continent have become more acidic because of carbon dioxide that is released into the environment. The population of African penguins has dramatically decreased because they can no longer find food to eat because their food source has fled the warm waters. Africa has far too many resources and is such a huge contributor to the world that action must be taken to preserve this bountiful continent.