According to a new report released by the Audubon Society, over 350 species of birds are spending winters further north than they did 40 years ago. While there are other factors which cause birds to change their range, scientists believe that the only explanation for such a large number of species to move north is global warming. Over the past 40 years, temperatures in January have risen approximately 5 degrees Fahrenheit. With the warmer temperatures, the birds need less food to survive in the cold, allowing them to live in places that were previously inhabitable. Temperature changes have different effects of individual species, so while some birds may not travel as far south in the winter, others are traveling further north at the same time.
Climate change is ushering in a new era characterized by increasingly frequent and intense heat waves, presenting profound challenges to ecosystems, communities, and individuals around the world. I will talk about the changing nature of heat waves in the context of climate change, multifaceted impacts, and the adaptive